List of Biosensors by Class

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Target/BS NameSourceReadout MechFamilyReadout of...Comments
Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle Phases
G1 Phase
S Phase
Cell Environment
Mechanical Strain
Molecular crowding
pH
V+
Cellular Analytes
2OG
Ammonium
Arabinose
Arg
ATP
ATP:ADP Ratio
BDNF
cAMP
cGMP
Citrate
CO
Gln
Glucose
Heme
His
Insulin
Lactate
maltose
NAD+
NAD+/NADH Ratio
NADH
O2
Pn
Pyruvate
ribose
sucrose
Trehalose
Trp
Ions
Ca2+
Cd2+
Cu+
Halide Ions
Hg(II)
Mg2+
Phosphate
Zn2+
Kinases/Phosphatases
Abl
Akt
AMPK
ATM kinase
Aurora B kinase
Aurora Kinase A
B-Raf
Bcr-Abl
C-Raf
CaMKII
CaN
CDK1
CDK2
DAPK1
EGFR
ERK
FAK
Fus3
GCK
H3-S28p
INSR
JNK
Kss1
LATS
Lck
MAPK or MK2
MARK
Mpk1
mTORC1
p38
PAK1
PDGFR
PDK1
PKA
PKC
PKD
PKM2
PTEN
ROCK
RSK
RTK
S6K
SAP3K
Src
ZAP-70
Neurotransmitters
5-HT
ACh
Dopamine
GABA
Glutamate
Glycine
NE
Other PTMs
K27H3 methyltransferase
K9H3 methyltransferase
OGT
Ubiquitination
Other Signaling Proteins
Annexin 4
Bax
beta Arrestin 2
CaM
CRAC
CREB
Histone Acetylation
MLKL
N-WASP
PMCA
PI/lipid
3prime IP
DAG
Ins(1,3,4,5)P4
IP3
PA
PI(3)P
PI(3,4)P2
PI(3,5)P2
PI(4)P
PI(4,5)P2
PIP3
PS
Protease
Atg4a
Atg4b
Caspase1
Caspase3
Caspase8
Caspase9
MT1-MMP
Receptors/GPCRs
A1R
Beta1-AR
Beta2-AR
Dictyostelium GPCR
DRD2
Gαi
Gαq
Gαs
α1-AR
α2A-AR
kappa-opioid receptor
M1R
MT2
mu-opioid receptor
ODR-10
opsin
PTHR
TrkB
VEGF
Redox
H2O2
H2S
NADP+
NADP+:NADPH Ratio
NADPH
NO
OHP
ONOO-
redox status
superoxide
Small G-Protein
Cdc42
Rab5
Rac1
Rac2
Rac3
Ral
Ran
Rap1
Ras
RhoA
RhoB
RhoC
RhoQ
RRas